Grumman F-14 Tomcat has become one of the most famous combat aircraft in history-which is notable for this fighter
In August 1981, in the Mediterranean Sea, north of Libya, the US Air Force won the Libyan military pilots. For Grumman F-14 Tomcat, this was the first success in air battle-this began the history of the aircraft that became one of the most famous American combat aircraft in history.
Tomkat appeared as Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation to the requests of the Navy to create an airplane that can protect aircraft carriers from bombers’ attacks. It was expected that a new aircraft for the Navy and the Air Force would be created, but as a result, the Admiral of the Tomas Navy “Tomkat” Connelli was able to defend the idea of developing a separate machine for the needs of the fleet.
The Navy required a plane that could combine the possibilities of a short take-off and landing necessary for a deck fighter, with a high maximum speed, carrying capacity and maneuverability of a fighter-interceptor. As a result, a plane with a wing with variable geometry was created, which allows to maximize the lifting force during take -off and minimize the resistance during a high -speed flight.
The Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation project was so liked by the Navy that they decided to miss the prototype stage at all by launching a fighter in production in 1969 and receiving their first new F-14s in 1972. Grumman F-14 received his name in honor of the admiral, who was the hottest supporter of the new aircraft and did everything to make the development serial and embark on arise.
Double jet deck fighter-interceptor/multi-purpose fourth-generation fighter with a variable wing geometry could develop a speed of more than 1 max at sea level and exceed a speed of 2.34 makha at a height thanks to two General Electric F110-400 turbinating engines with a viping regime, and besidesthat F-14 could overcome about 2.5 thousand km without refueling, but it was usually believed that its combat range is 1.6 thousand km.
The aircraft could track up to 24 enemy aircraft at a distance of up to 315 kilometers using the AWG-9 X-Diapason, which, as it turned out, used one of the first microprocessors that had ever appeared on fighters. Powerful on -board systems could even bring long -range missiles simultaneously for six separate targets, without losing sight of the rest.
The fighter’s weapons were equally reliable, with many options to choose from, depending on the type of goal and its distance from Tomcat. Having a total of 10 suspension points and a carrying capacity of 6.5 tons, the plane could effectively fight fighters and bombers.
What is Grumman F-14 Tomcat
The production, which started in 1969, continued until 1991, 712 cops of the F-14 were built in total, but after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the US Navy was at a crossroads. Without an impending ghost of the threat from Russian bombers who had to fight, the powerful F-14 became a warrior without work. In 2006, the F-14 was discontinued in favor of the cheaper and less demanding service Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet.
But the general public Tomkat is better known for the film directed by Tony Scott, shot in 1986-in the Top Gun skilled pilot of the deck fighter, the cadet of the Elite School of the US Navy, which was played by Tom Cruise, flew precisely on the Grumman F-14 Tomcat. He played the main role of the F-14 Tomcat (S/N 160694) is located in the Museum-Avianosets USS Lexington in Texas, and the plane itself has forever inscribed its name, including in world culture.