Banans are berries

Banans are berries

Banans are berries

There is no such thing as a banana tree. A banana plant is, in fact, a giant grass, and bananas are its berries. According to the definition, the berry is a “soft, juicy fruit containing several seeds”.

And grass is a “plant with a fleshy, but not lignified stem, which, after the plant blooms and gives seeds, dies down to the ground”. However, such a definition is not always true: for example, in sage, thyme and rosemary, the stem of just the wood type (although it is not covered with a real bark).

Thus, after flowering, that part of the grass that is above the ground dies. In the case of a banana, we are dealing with a very unusual effect. After the dying of one stem, another begins to grow a little further in the root. Thus, after a few years, the plant, as it were, “passes” half a meter-meter.

Banana came to us from Malaysia, where he has been grown for 10 thousand. years. Wild bananas that can still be found in Southeast Asia contain large, solid seeds and a very small amount of pulp. They are pollinated by bats.

Bananas from your supermarket is a cultural variety selected by planters for their fleshy pulp and lack of seeds. Okulturiing gave the plant sweet, tasty, but sterile: such a banana is not able to multiply without the help of a person.

Most banana plants have not been engaged in “sex” already 10 thousand. years. Almost each of the bananas that we eat with such pleasure is propagated by hand: from the escape of an existing plant, whose genetic fund was not updated for as many as 100 centuries. As a result, banana is extremely susceptible to various kinds of diseases. Many of his species have already fallen in a victim of such fungal infections as Black Sigatok and Panama Disease, which are very resistant to fungicides. And if a genetically modified variety is not displayed in the near future, we can forever forget about banana.

The problem, by the way, is very serious. Banans are the most profitable world export culture. The industry costs $ 12 billion a year and supports 400 million people, many of whom live behind the poverty line.

Most bananas come from hot countries, however, paradoxically, the largest European producer of bananas is Iceland. Banans are grown in spacious greenhouses heated by geothermal waters, only two degrees south of the polar circle.

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