Bessuffix (Bessuffixal) way of forming words is the opposite of the suffix method of word formation.
In the suffix method, a certain suffix is added to a producing basis (forest – forest, blood – blood, running – running and t.P.).
With a Bessuffix method, the so -called word -collection zero suffix takes part in the formation of the word, and the existing suffix, in turn, is cut off.
In this way, some nouns, adjectives, numbers are formed.
Examples of Bessuffix Education of Words
1) nouns formed from verbs:
Tell – story, glue – glue, watch – look, order – order, rumble – roar.
2) nouns formed from adjectives:
Green – greens, smooth – surface, deep – depths.
3) complex words:
Quietly + walk = short -cargin, water + carry = water carrier, forest + chop = lumberjack.
1) adjectives formed from nouns:
Gold – gold, father – father, hare – hare.
2) adjectives formed from verbs:
To come is a visiting 1.
From quantitative numerals, you can form serial numbers.
Eight – eighth, five – fifth.
The Bessuffixal method for the formation of words is used in the appearance of nouns, adjectives, numbers. We will observe how the Bessuffixal method forms the words of different parts of speech. We give examples of words
Using a zero suffix, we form the same root nouns from the verbs:
Exchange – exchange
Going out is a way out
indicate – decree
Injected – injection
Break off – bully.
The Besuffixal method forms from adjectives the same root nouns:
Blue – blue
dry – suchery
Smooth – surface
Tall – h8.
All ordinal numerals are formed from quantitative numerals of a non -vsuffixal way:
Eight – eighth
The thirty – thirtieth
The twenty – twentieth
One hundred is hundredth.
Some feminine nouns from masculine nouns are formed by a non -vsuffixal way, for example:
The spouse is a spouse.
In the formation of many complex words, along with addition, zero suffix participates:
yourself + fly – plane
steam + walk – steamer
bee + drive – beekeeper.
Language, including Russian, I would compare with wood. Some twigs of use are dying in it, disappearing from use, while others, new ones, appear, and therefore this tree is constantly growing and developing. Where do new words come from? There are several ways. Among the ways of forming new words in the language, for example, there are such when prefix (prefix) or suffix are added to the existing basis. These are popular ways. And there is a not very popular way when part of the word (suffix) from the existing word is as if it is taken away. This is called zero suffix or also a bloodless way of word formation. To make it clearer, I will give examples: move (formed from the verb ‘walk’), running (from the word ‘run’), a story (from the verb ‘tell’), a cut (from the verb to “cut”).
The Besusuffix way of the formation of words is a method in which the suffix and end are discarded from the derivative of the word. For example, ‘Wild – game’, ‘quiet – quiet’, ‘run – running’, ‘night – night’, ‘heating – heating’, ‘screaming – “distant – distant’.
The non -ouffixed way of forming new words from rushes to morphological, that is, to the methods of formation with new words with the help of morphemes that are added to the root. More often prefix (using the prefix), suffix (using the suffix) and prefix-sophixal (adding both bond and suffix) morphological methods of word formation.
Since the suffix is an affix (a word -assembly morpheme added to the root), the non -Effixed method is also called non -fixic or zero suffix. They say that the attachment of words in this way is used by zero suffix.
It turns out that in order to form a new word, instead of adding a new morpheme from the original word, the affix is removed.
As a rule, nouns from adjectives or verbs are formed by the non -uffix method.
Sometimes, with cases of zero affixation, there is an alternation of consonants in the root.
Calling is a call,
Enter – entrance,
swim – swim,
To tell – a story,
Show – show,
Steal – a watchman,
Order is an order,
Far – Dahl,
Quiet – quiet,
Green – greens.
Word formation is a section of linguistics that studies the process of creating new words.
Bezaffix, it is also Bessuffixal and he is a way of zero suffix belongs to the morphological method of word formation. He is the formation of a new word by adding zero suffix.
Using this method, it is often possible to observe the appearance of verbal (formed from the verb) nouns. For example, enter => Entrance, run => run, sigh => sigh, rattling => thunder.
Also in this way, ordinal numerals from quantitative. For example, eleven => Eleventh, seven => Seventh, nine => ninth.
In the same way, adjectives from many nouns are formed. For example, a pig => pork, gold => gold.
The suffix very often participates in the formation of words, but very often there are no suffixes in the words of the Russian language. Moreover, sometimes when the new word is formed, the existing suffix disappears, this is the essence of the Bessuffix way of word formation (zero suffix).
Sometimes we can see such a phenomenon when forming, for example, nouns from verbs, we give examples:
Looking – a look
Giving is a gift
Writing is a letter
Love – love
Refusal is a refusal
With the formation of nouns from adjectives:
Far – Dal
Calm – peace
With the formation of adjectives from the verbs:
Write – written
count – calculated
Watch – spied
Good afternoon! Actual question is actually, since I myself recently looked for an answer to it. So, first, let’s analyze the concept itself, and then we will move on to the examples.
Bessuffixal way to form words used in the appearance of both nouns and adjectives, including numerals.
For example, nouns that are formed from verbs are given some examples:
1.Giving is a gift
2.Love – love
The Besusuffix way of the formation of words is the opposite of the suffix, so the word -formation zero suffix takes part here. Noun that is formed from the verb: order – order. Noun from the adjective – deep – depths. Complex word – quietly + walk = Tikhokhoka. Adjective from the noun: gold – gold. Adjective from the verb – come to the visitor. Numeral – five – fifth.
The Besusfix way of the formation of words is a way in which new words are formed from verbs, an adjectivenumerals, without forming a suffix. Examples: go out – exit. Swim – swim. Green – greens. Dry – land.