From which Tsar Ivan the Terrible actually died?

From which Tsar Ivan the Terrible actually died?

On March 10, 1584, Ivan the Terrible felt so bad that he could not accept the Lithuanian diplomat. The limbs and genitals of the king were swollen, he badly gang, fell into unconsciousness. A few days later Grozny felt better, he even wanted to play chess with the boyar Bogdan Belsky.

Steamed after the bath, in white, the sovereign sat on the bed. Brought a board for the game. Grozny personally placed chess and … suddenly fell, holding the last figure in his hand – the king.

One of the most striking and controversial figures of Russian history left descendants and the secret about the causes of her death. There are several versions, Factrum I studied the most believable.

From which Tsar Ivan the Terrible actually died?

Exhumation of Ivan the Terrible

Sprinking light on one of the most famous historical puzzles helped the opening of the grave of Tsar Ivan Vasilyevich in 1963. Anthropologists, led by the famous Soviet scientist Mikhail Gerasimov, studied the monarchy remains in detail, and also reconstructed the appearance of the king.

Grozny turned out to be a large person, growth 178–179 cm, quite complete, corporate. In cooperation with representatives of the Institute of Forensic Medicine, scientists dismantled the versions of the murder and diseases of the king, trying to answer the question of what Ivan the Terrible died of what was nevertheless died.

There were many rumors and speculations about the causes of death until this moment. The main two versions came down to the fact that Tsar Ivan Vasilievich was killed by “close people” – strangled or poisoned by mercury and arsenic – or died of syphilis.

Anthropologists have refuted both hypotheses.

From which Tsar Ivan the Terrible actually died?“The death of Ivan the Terrible during the game of chess”. A. Russ

How Ivan Vasilievich died?

The king was seriously ill in the spring of 1579. Physical and moral forces greatly undermined military failures in the protracted Livonian war. Even then, he did not hope to recover and even declared the successor of the eldest son Tsarevich John Ioannovich. The mighty figure of the monarch and his vitality then prevailed, but until the end of his life he often and a lot was sick.

The chronicle of the XVII century tells us that Grozny was eventually poisoned by the boyars Boris Godunov and Bogdan Belsky (who were present at the last minutes of the king’s life): “The king and Grand Duke John Vasilievich All Rus’ were naughty in the Great Lent on the fourth Saturday, and was in the state for many years. The Germans are verbal, as they gave him poison in close people “.

Studies of scientists confirm the high content of mercury in the remains of the monarch, however, anthropologists have concluded that such indicators are nevertheless explained not by poisoning, but by the frequent use of “eastern mercury ointments”. Anthropologists say that the bones of the king were entirely in growths – osteophytes. In 50 years, Ivan Vasilievich was already a deep old man, he constantly hurts the joints. The reasons for this are an extremely unhealthy lifestyle: “Destruction in food, systematic alcohol, small mobility”.

At the same time, the signs that Grozny died of syphilis did not find. Rumors about a sexually transmitted disease went because the contemporaries of the sovereign themselves clearly hinted about this. Prince Kurbsky was worried in letters that John Vasilievich was corrupted by his court – “they would move about the Aphroditian affairs”. Jerome Gorsey, the English diplomat and the author of memoirs with valuable information about the history of Russia, after visiting the tsarist court, wrote that due to bad inclinations in the Terrible, the genitals were terribly swollen and a bad smell came from him. At the same time, the same Englishman was sure that the Russian monarch “Was Strangled” – that is, strangled. This version was as popular as mercury poisoning. But, according to the results of the investigation of the Gerasimov group, this hypothesis is rejected: the king’s thyroid cartilage is well preserved in the king. The riddle remained undisclosed.

Monk Jonah

Together with the sarcophag of Ivan the Terrible, scientists opened the grave of the infamous eldest son, allegedly killed by his father with a blow to the head. It was not possible to figure out this version-alas-it did not work out: the skull of Tsarevich John was poorly preserved due to the water that got into the sarcophagus, only the lower jaw went to anthropologists. But the remains of the wives of Ivan Vasilyevich, which were examined in the two thousand years, indicate that the king often raised a heavy hand to women. “The ladies are broken, which he apparently did not just do with them,” says Sergey Vasiliev, head of the Center for Physical Anthropology, IEA RAS.

In 1584, a “sign” appeared in the sky over Moscow: “A star with a cross -shaped sign of the Heavenly Between the Church of John the Great and the Church of the Annunciation and Visha for a long time appeared”. Tsar Ivan Vasilievich, looking at the “mysterious cross”, said that this was a sign of his ambulance.

Before his death, Ivan IV accepted a monastic rank and became a monk of Jonah. Ivan the Terrible died at the age of 54.

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