Anti -Rome closed the Apennins and Alps from the cold climate and northern winds. Ancient Rome was located on the Apennine Peninsula, dividing the Mediterranean Sea into the eastern and western part. The Apennine Peninsula washed the ionic, Adriatic, Ligurian and Tyrrne Sea, therefore a warm climate with abundant precipitation prevailed in ancient Rome. Throughout the territory of the Apennine Peninsula, the climate is soft and warm, only in the south it goes into hot. Therefore, the Roman land is very fertile, and in addition, there are reservoirs with fresh water on the peninsula.
To the west of the Balkans lies a peninsula, similar to a boot. This peninsula is called Apenninsky because of the name of the low Apennine mountains, which stretched along the peninsula. And the ancient Greeks called it Italy. From the west, the peninsula was washed by the Tyrrne Sea, from the east – Adriatic, from the south – ionic. All of them are parts of the Mediterranean Sea.
Ancient Rome (Italy) is located on the Apennine Peninsula, which is the largest peninsula of Europe and it is located in the southern part of the continent. In this part of the continent, there is warm and wet weather, a lot of valleys and lowlands because of which good conditions are created for the development of fertile soils. And fertile soils contribute to the development of agriculture and gardening. Therefore, the ancient Romans grown such cultures as – millet, barley, beans, wheat. The warm climate also contributed to the development of gardening, pears, grapes, olives were grown on the peninsula. The proximity of the sea and access to it contributed to the development of navigation and trade, the development of fishing.