Historians believe that the predecessors of the Greek colonies were shopping centers and outposts. From about the middle of the 8th century B.e. Greek cities-states began to expand, and they did it consciously and with long-term prospects.
The colonization process took place gradually and organically. In some areas of the Mediterranean, policies appeared almost completely identical in the way of the Greek life, in others – only trade representatives in which Greek merchants and sailors temporarily lived.
The Greek term ‘colonization’ itself implied the dominance of indigenous peoples, without imposing the cultural superiority of the colonialists. In this sense, Greek colonization was very different from, for example, the politicians of some European states in the 19th and 20th centuries of our century.
The Greeks waged a well -thought -out policy, concluding contracts with local tribes and cleverly quarreled them among themselves, using the old enmity. This ensured security, albeit relative, colony – tribes could not unite and become a serious danger to the colonists. Using the support of the metropolis, seized the lands, displacing the local population.
At. Polupudneva is a wonderful historical novel ‘Pontus Evksinsky’ just about this period of time. Talks about the life of the Greek colonies, mainly Chersonesos and Panticapapi, and the Scythian tribes of Tauris