To begin with, the author’s creativity is primarily a clearly designated author. But the people was created by the people, and the people are people, there is no clearly designated author. And it is very important that “from the mouth to the mouth” – then about folk forms, and the author writes, then publishes, then we read.
It should also be noted that folk art, which can be designated by the word folklore, was created and gathered for centuries, polished and came to us as a result of the work of several generations. It is also possible to have several similar works that are perceived as options, in various areas the same song, fairy tale, mystery can have its own variations.
Also, vocabulary, in folklore, it is rich in epithets, comparisons, metaphors and other means of expressiveness that acquired a stable meaning – a clear well done, white hands, raw land, etc. There are also established rules, for example, in the fairy tale there are podsin and ending, there is a diameter section on positive and negative heroes.
And I must also say that the people’s – it is therefore folk, which expresses ideals, aspirations, thoughts, thoughts of the whole people, and the author writes more about his own, that is, expresses his ideals.
Folklore initially for storytelling (people did not know how to read), and copyright creations should initially be published, they are for reading.
In addition to the most obvious difference, the presence/absence of the author, the following important signs should be mentioned:
- in folklore – the presence of constant epithets, comparisons, images. Author’s literature prefers to avoid beaten top and any cliches, whether it is words or images, creating something unique, its own.
- In folklore there is always a clear separation of zyt and evil, summer and winter, black and white. Author’s literature is a mixture of tones, thanks to which it is more real and more close to life, even that part of it, which is fantastic constantly correlated with the real world.
- Unlike folklore, where the listener, reader is just a consumer of information, author’s literature forces to think, analyze, doubt.
- Author’s literature – is often a response, a reflection of modern events.
In oral folk art, the author must not, this is a collective literary work, which was created by the people and was not created by one person. Oral folk art was not originally written on paper, but was transmitted from generation to generation, only then it was recorded, many years after the creation.
Oral folk art can be attributed, for example, cradles and jokes (which refers to Russian folk art in another question)
The author’s work has an author, that is, a person who wrote this work, or several authors (then it will be co -authorship), is necessarily recorded on paper (most often these are books or birch bark, if we are talking about ancient Rus’).
Examples of the author’s work are fairy tales of Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, poems by Yesenin or Mayakovsky.
Author’s creativity differs from oral folk primarily in that it has its own author, the creator, the individual style inherent in this particular author is traced, While the second came to us from the depths of centuries in the form of fairy tales, epics, proverbs, sayings, sayings and does not have a well -known authorship (maybe of course this author was originally, only over the centuries of retelling his name was forgotten). Folk art can be considered a kind of meeting, a storehouse of folk wisdom. So The first difference, I believe, is the lack of authorship. A The second difference is, that oral creativity throughout generations transmitted from mouth to mouth (that is, it was not recorded), naturally constantly changing, while aVtorskoye did not undergo such changes, being recorded on paper (if you do not take into account the conscious editing of the text to later scribes).
It can be said right away that oral creativity is always folk, but the author’s creativity is recorded. There may be a blind Homer and wrote his works orally, but they became copyright only after they were recorded. And there is no guarantee that the oral songs of Homer coincided in everything with the recorded options for his poems.
Thus, the author’s work is written on paper. and what is written on paper can no longer correct. Only the author himself can make editing in the text of the author’s work.
Oral folk art does not have one author, all such works turn out to be a fruit of collective creativity, when each new storyteller brings his own details to the text and the final version recorded in the books is different from the original. Hence a wide variety of Russian fairy tales and songs for one plot.
Folklore– This is an improvisation of both one and the whole society.
Folk creativity includes, stories, fairy tales, stories, epics, which began one thing, but the continuation and outcome are always different.
Author’s work cannot be changed, not rewritten, not to overwhelm, since he has a legal owner. Only the owner can make some changes.
Oral folk art or folklore is the creation of the hands of folk elements, it is folk aspirations, embedded in a particular epic, historical song or epic narrative, because the people are able to create epic canvases like ‘Odyssey’ or ‘Iliad’. But look at at least the example of ancient Greece and ancient Greek myths. Already starting from the 6-5 centuries BC, many ancient Greek traditions and myths were subject to author’s transference. Say, myths about the Trojan War became copyright dramas and tragedies in the person of Aeschylus, Sophocles, Euripides and late Nalatinsky authors, Seneca, who lived in the era of the bloody emperor Nero.Each author, using folk traditions, tries to coordinate these myths, according to his creative credo.Even after many centuries already in enlightened Germany, these Greek myths were shifted by Wolfgang Goethe (Iphigenia in Tauris’, ‘Iphigenia in Avlida’). And if you take Russian folk tales, see how Pushkin shifted according to his works of oral folk art (‘Ruslan and Lyudmila’, a tale of a fisherman and a fish ‘). In the copyright transformation, these works of oral folk art are not only polished, not only receive their author’s cut, but also express the author’s positions for a particular historical event, the works acquire a rich artistic completeness, but in any case, folklore remains at their unshakable height, as the primary basis.copyright works.Take at least the same great English playwright Shakespeare, who used many folk motifs and plots for his works and not only legends and myths, but also disparate historical facts about a particular historical event or historical face. Read at least his beautiful tragedies ‘King Lear’ (the theme is taken from British folklore), the Coriolan from historical ancient Roman information about the fate of the Roman Patricia, nicknamed Coriolan for the capture of the capital of the ancient Volska – Coriol, Macbeth (British folklore and historical traditions), ‘Perical’ and others. The author’s developments of historical topics taken from folklore were inherent in even the twentieth century. There is a magnificent Armenian folk epos ‘David Sasunsky’, which was formed in the 9-10th centuries among the Mushka and Sasun Armenians (West Armenia), the mythical folk hero David Sasunsky was not only erected a monument in the center of Yerevan (and this is also the author’s moment in identifying the image of a folk heroin sculpture), but 5 classics of Armenian literature, including Ovanes Tumanyan and Avetik Isaacan wrote their versions of this folk legend.
In any case, oral folk art is the rich departments of the human mind, always ready to give their treasures to the authors, which, on the basis of folklore, create many artistic values and masterpieces, while maintaining the extraordinary of popular thinking…
Oral folk art arose at a time when writing was poorly developed. From generation to generation of history, legends and epics were transmitted orally. There is no authorship in relation to such works. They are characterized by variability when there are some slightly different versions of the same work. Oral folk art is inherent in a kind of style, the presence of a large number of epithets and comparisons.
The author’s work is the result of the activities of one or more writers. Such works cannot be rewritten or stateed differently, they have a legal owner.
In general, in the very name of these creativity and the answer.
Oral folk art was transmitted from generation to generation, namely orally.
The so -called ‘author’ was the people.
Author’s work here and the author is known and the work itself is transmitted to generations in writing.
And I think that ‘folk art’ is the work of little -known authors or unknown at all. For some reason, they always say so, folk words, folk music, that is, it is not known by someone and when this work was created, just by someone from the people, namely an unknown author, but so well that it fell into the people, and therefore began to be called popular.
But the ‘Author’s work’ is such a work in which the author is as well known, whether it be a song or a fairy tale, epic, a picture or something else.
Folk art is collective and does not express the personal view of the author, just as it is not prenadlnit to someone alone and was not created by one person.
The creator of the author’s work, on the contrary, creates it completely himself and it has the individuality and reflection of the author’s personal gaze and is recorded under his name. I think so.