What is the due to the emergence of the science of ecology?

Despite the fact that the term ecology appeared back in 1866, the ecology as a science has finally took shape and formed only in the sixties of the last century. It was at this time that environmental problems began to seriously disturb the public.

Approximately at the same time, scientists around the world began to study how Flora and Faun function and what influence it has on the environment.


Modern ecologists rely on the data that were collected by their predecessors, and at the same time accumulate new knowledge and new experience in the study of ecosystems. The collected information is certainly not just useful, but also vital.

The basis of modern ecology science is not only the knowledge and experience of predecessors, it (ecology) (which is very important!) develops based on the rules and provisions of philosophical analysis. The significance of ecology as a science for the biodiversity of the planet and human well -being is becoming more and more obvious.

Ecology, as an independent science, stood out first in a special department of biology, or rather in a special department of physiology of plants and animals.

The word ecology itself, consists of two ancient Greek words ‘ecos’ – the habitat, and ‘Logos’ – teaching. Initially, the ecology dealt with the interaction of individual living organisms among themselves, in a particular habitat. A little later, the issues of environmental protection and coexistence of various ecosystems were also attributed to issues of ecology.

In Britain, the founder of ecology is considered the ancient Greek philosopher Theofrast.

In the Arab world, as well as the peoples of the Caucasus, the founder of the ecology is considered al-Jahiza (Abu Usman Amr Ibn Bahr al-Kinani al-Basri) is an Arab writer and theologian.

And the authorship of the term ‘Ecology’ itself, everyone unanimously gives to the German biologist, systematics of wildlife, Ernst Henryh Henrich Philipp August Haeckel). Who is also the author of such concepts as “ontogenesis”, “Pithecantrop”, “phylogenesis”.

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