About 3 billion glasses of sparkling
1. The first sparkling wine was produced in the Lima in Langedok, But they improved him and turned him into a world -famous drink precisely in Shampani. In the town of Explosion, 20 kilometers from Reims, Kelar of the Benedictine abbey Pierre Perignon in 1670 invented the technology of recouPage – blending (compounds of several grapes of grapes), as well as Boughage and Ficalage – spinning a playful in bottles.
The abbey founded in 650, in which the famous monk experimented, was closed after the Great French Revolution. His buildings are now in private ownership. The city belongs only to the Church of St. Sidulf, whose altar rests the perignon. The best monument to Benedektsy today is the picturesque vineyards surrounding the city, tasting bars and headquarters of winery companies.
2. Until the second half of the 19th century, all sparkling wines were sweet. Due to excess fermentation, 40% of the bottles exploded, and the purchasers during the selection of goods for safety were offered masks similar to those workers wear. Dry champagne – brut – invented by the Reiman widow of Louise Pomderi. Another Reimsky widow – Nicole Clake de Ponsarden – came up with Remuage techniques (excerpts with the formation of sediment) and Degorgement (Removal of sediment). To clean the drink from excess yeast, the bottles are first stored at the Cretaceous cellars at an angle, and then, opening the bottle, the yeast accumulated at the neck is carefully removed.
Many wine -making companies in Reims use chalk careers to store their products that have been preserved since Roman times. Pommeri, for example, belongs to 120 such mines and 18 km of tunnels, most of them are open for excursion visits.
Reims is not only a city of wine: since the 5th century, 34 French king and their queen were crowned from the 5th century. Among them are the daughter of Prince Yaroslav the Wise Anna Yaroslavna. And in the sacristy of the famous cathedral, the altar part of which is decorated with stained glass windows of Mark Shagal, the Slavic Bible is stored, according to legend, brought by the Russian princess from the homeland.
3. The largest bottles for playful They wear the names of the characters of the Old Testament:
Melchizedek: 30 l = 40 ordinary bottles. Melchizedek – High Priest and King Salim.
Goliath: 27 l = 36 ordinary bottles. Goliath – the warrior of the Philistines, the rival of the biblical king David.
Solomon: 18 l = 24 ordinary bottles. Solomon – Biblical King of Israel.
Nebuchadnezzar: 15 l = 20 ordinary bottles. Nebuchadnezzar – the Babylonian king who conquered Judea.
Baltazar: 12 l = 16 ordinary bottles. Baltazar – Babylonian king, in the reign of which Babylon was captured by the Persians.
Salmanazar: 9 l = 12 ordinary bottles. Salmanazar – Assyrian king who fought with Israel.
Methuselah: 6 l = 8 ordinary bottles. Mafusail – one of their biblical forefathers who lived according to the Bible 969 years.
Jerovoam: 3 l = 4 ordinary bottles. Jerovoam – King of Israel.
4. The world’s largest sparkling store Located in Eperna, for which the city is unofficially called the “capital of champagne”. Under its streets there are 110 kilometers of tunnels, in which there are 200 million bottles. A significant part of the wines reserves are stored in cellars under the main street of the city-Avenue de Shampan, on which the headquarters of famous winery companies are located. They chose Eperna in the 19th century when a railway station was built in the city, which solved the problem of transporting products from Eperna to all corners of the world.
5. Champagne grapes usually collected in early September, earlier than for other wines, so that the clusters do not have time to accumulate sugar. For champagne, three grape varieties are used-“Pino-nuar”, “cartoon” and less often “Pino Minjan”. The quality of the final drink is determined by bubbles. The smaller the bubbles, the, the wine is considered better.
6. Type of traffic jams from champagne I acquired over time the plan of the city of Trua, the medieval capital of Shampani. Once the famous “champagne” fairs were held here, and the local merchants invented a unit of weight-Troika ounce. It is equal to 31.01 g and is now used mainly to measure the weight of precious metals.
The city center has completely retained its medieval development. After walking along the narrow city streets and the inspection of ancient cathedrals in True, you should try the local soft cheese shawaris and pork sausages of Anduyet (the filling for them is first soaked in wine). According to legend, in 1560, these sausages saved the residents from the army of the Duke de Giza: hungry soldiers broke into the city, but, instead of strengthening the positions, attacked sausages. A break in the battle made it possible for the inhabitants of True to gather forces and expel the invaders.
7. Shampenoa. This is the name of a set of snacks that offer to playful guilt in tasting bars. There are them in order (from left to right), moving from vegetables to meat rolls and cheese, ending with sweets.
At dinner, wine, depending on the taste, is served both to snacks and main dishes (including meat), and with desserts. In addition, sparkling is traditionally combined with crispy pink biscuits. Invented them in Reims in 1691. Initially, the biscuits were white and baked with Vanilla. Karmin (natural dye made of koshenili), giving a biscuit pink color, began to be added to mask vanilla grains. Vanilla is no longer used today, but the pink color has become signature for Reims cookies. He is dipped in a glass so that dry cakes soften and absorb the taste and aroma of wine.
Photo: Elena Knyazeva, Istock (x2)