In 1666 … There was a great London fire

Then, about 355 years ago, the main square was completed in Rome, in Paris they first poured blood for a person, and in North America they conducted the first census in the history of the continent

In 1666 … There was a great London fire

It began on September 2 at night (September 12 according to the new style) of 1666 in the house of the baker Thomas Farriner on Padding-Lane Street, probably the fire arose from a spark from the outstanding hearth. Fire raged until September 6. The losses were grandiose. According to experts, out of 80 thousand residents of the Central District of City, 70 thousand were left without housing, many administrative buildings and churches burned down, other parts of the city were injured. At first, attempts were made to blame the Catholics of arson, but already in 1667 the Royal Council decided that the fire was caused by the “hand of God, a strong wind and a very dry time of year”.

The first population census in North America took place


It was held by order of King Louis XIV in 1665–1666 Jean Talon, the first quartermaster of the colony of New France (the second person after the governor). Counted 3215 inhabitants of both sexes. The coupon personally collected a considerable part of the data, knocking on the houses and interviewing the population.

In Rome appeared St. Peter’s Square

Vatican, Rome

In 1666 … There was a great London fire

The area at the main cathedral of the Catholic world was built from 1656 to 1667 according to the project of the sculptor and architect Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini. Over 350 thousand people can fit the square.

First poured blood to a person

Paris, France

In 1667, the doctor of Louis XIV Jean Batist Denis poured the blood of the sheep with a 15-year-old young man, who had previously treated the fever with bloodletting too zealously. The patient survived, the next too, but the third and fourth died, and Denis was under trial. The doctor was acquitted, but blood transfusion was banned.

New York received a modern name

New York, USA

Until 1664, the city was the Dutch colony and was called the new Amsterdam. But the British won him and named him in honor of the brother of King Charles II – Jacob Stuart, the Duke of York, who later went to the British throne as Yakov II. True, in 1673, the Dutch again captured the city and renamed the new orange in honor of Prince Wilhelm III Orange. The next year, under the terms of the peace treaty, England returned the city, and it again became New York.

The Garden of Herrenhausen founded

Hanover, Germany

In 1666 … There was a great London fire

The beginning of one of the most beautiful parks in Europe was laid in 1666 by order of Prince Johann Friedrich Hanoversky. The gardens turned into a landmark under his brother and successor Ernst Augustus and his wife Sofia. The princess ordered the park to decorate the best gardeners.

The word of the era


Moscow, Russia

In the 1650s, Patriarch Nikon tried to bring the worship in line with the canons of the Greek Church. The Great Moscow Cathedral of 1666–1667 consolidated these innovations and anathematized their opponents (and also deposed and sentenced to the exile of the Patriarch himself, who conflict with the king). Since then, the meaning of the word “split” has appeared – opponent of Nikon’s reforms. The synonym “Old Believer” arose later.

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